Eid al-Adha is celebrated in the blessed month of Dhull-Hijjah. Muslims fulfill the Sunnah of Abraham A.S by slaughtering animals on this day.
The twelve months of the Islamic year is called Dhul-Hijjah, and the first decade of this month has been mentioned as Ayyam-e-Maloomat (days of information). These days are the dearest days of Almighty Allah. The first date of this month is so special due to the wedlock ceremony of Hazrat Fatima-Tu-Zahra (R. A) and Hazrat ALI (R. A). And the 8th of this the month has known as Yaum-e-Tarvia because the pilgrimages quench the thirst of their camels so that their camels don’t feel thirst till the day of Arfa. The day is also known as the day of (Yaum-e-Tarvia) the day rumination, as Hazrat Abraham (A. S) saw a dream in which somebody was saying that Allah Almighty wanted the sacrifice of his son and the next day He (A. S) pondered on this dream either it belongs to God or a Satan’s trick. And 9th of Dhul-Hijjah is called Urfa, because, at the night of 9th Dhul-Hijjah Hazrat Ibrahim (A. S) watched the same dream. He understood the fact that this the particular dream belongs to Allah Almighty and the same day he (A. S) performed Hajj. The next day 10th of Dhul-Hijjah is called Yaum-e-Nahar ( the day of sacrifice ) on that day Hazrat Ismael (A. S) was supposed to be sacrificed, and this is the day when every Muslim of the world is supposed to perform the sacrifice of goats, camels, sheep, etc. and the next 11th, 12th, 13th is called Ayam-e-Tashreet, at the 12th of Dhul-Hijjah Hazrat Muhammad (P. B. U. H) established the relation of brotherhood with Hazrat Ali (R. A). And at the 14th of this month Hazrat Ali (R. A) forfeited his ring during salah and at the 26th of Dhul-Hijjah the way of seeking pardon from Allah Almighty was descended on Hazrat Dawood (A. S) And at the 27th of this month was the day when the bloody army of Yazeed attacked Madinah and 28th of this month is remembered as the day of victory as Hazrat Ali (R. A) was made the Kalifh of Islam.
Loftiness of Dhul-Hijjah
Dhul-Hijjah is one of the most prestigious months among the four most admired months. Muslims are supposed to perform Nawafils, keep fasts, recite the Holy Quran. They are asked by the great Prophet (P. B. U. H) to pay Sadkah (to spend money on needy and poor’s) in these days. The lofty position of this month can be guessed through this fact that Almighty Allah has a pledge of these ten days.
Importance of Dhul-Hijjah according to Ahadees
“Holy Prophet Muhammad (P. B. U. H) said that if you have noted that the month of Dhul-Hijjah has started and you are interested in scarifying some animal, then you should not cut your nails and hair”. Hazrat Abuhuraharh (R. A) said that Holly Prophet Muhammad (P. B. U. H) that Allah Almighty loves the good deeds which are performed in these ten days and if somebody keeps the fast in these ten days, the reward of the one fast will be equal to the fasts of the whole year and who, he remains busy performing prayers during nights of these ten days, the reward of the prayer of one night will be equal to the prayers of the whole year”.
Deep Philosophy behind Eid-al-Adha (Eid-e-Qurban, Bakra Eid)
There is great philosophy behind every Islamic event. Islamic history and events have nothing to do with myth and mythology, as myth is the collection of assumed facts and Islamic events and festivals are celebrated according to the divine will. Holy Prophet Muhammad (P. B. U. H) commanded to celebrate these events. So, as for as the matter of Eid-ul-Azha or Eid-e-Qurban is concerned, a profound philosophy is hidden behind this great event. As it has been mentioned above that Hazrat Ibraheem (A. S) perceived the idea of scarifying Hazrat Ismail (A. S) in a dream and He (A. S) accepted the divine order and got ready to present the sacrifice of Hazrat Ismail (A. S). The next day he (A. S) discussed the matter with his beloved son Hazrat Ismail (A. S). The great son showed his willingness and become submissive to obey the order of Allah Almighty.
At the 10th of Dhul-Hijjah great Father Hazrat Ibraheem (A. S) was ready to sacrifice his beloved son, Hazrat Ismail (A. S) and on the other hand, Hazrat Ismail (A. S) was prepared to be sacrificed to get a high place in heaven. It was the time of the exam; the hearts of both Father and son were perplexed due to the emotional sensation. But their firm belief won, and the hours of anxiety were over. When the great Prophet Hazrat Ibraheem (A. S) placed his son under the sharpened knife, he (A. S) covered his eyes with a piece of black fabric to prevent himself from indulging in worldly emotion regarding his son. The second purpose of wearing black material on the eye was to perform the duty with strong faith and to show his submission before the creator of the world. And when he finished his task and removed the cloth from his eyes. He was amazed to see his son safe and sound, and a goat had been sent at the time of sacrifice to save the life of Hazrat Ismail (A. S). Therefore, Muslims are supposed to sacrifice the animal in the remembrance of Hazrat Ismail (A. S) sacrifice, and there was a great mystery behind this great event. Almighty Allah has planned to continue the generation of Hazrat Ismail (A. S). From the generation of Prophet Ismail (A. S), the greatest and beloved Prophet Muhammad (P. B. U. H) had to come. Therefore, the life of Hazrat Ismail (A. S) was made safe and sound. Allah Almighty had sent a lot of prophets to reform the world and enlighten the souls of peoples with divine love and guidance. Hazrat Muhammad (P. B. U. H) was the last prophet among the Prophets’ chain. He (P. B. U. H) uplift humanity to the highest possible level of spiritual and worldly domains. And enlighten the souls of believers, after the reunion of Prophet Muhammad (P. B. U. H) with Almighty Allah, his pious generation was supposed to be continued from his pious daughter Hazrat Fatima (R. A). And Hazrat Hussain (R. A) was supposed to get the place of Hazrat Ismail (A. S), and He (R. A) was selected for the martyrdom. It is a universally accepted fact that the sacrifice of Hazrat Ismail (A. S) was postponed for the dispensation of Islam. After the dispensation and preservation of Islam the same sacrifice was accepted from the grandson of Prophet Muhammad (P. B. U. H).
Commendable deeds of 10 Dhul-Hijjah / EID's Day